CLINICAL FEATURES

Interstitial Cystitis

INTERSTITIAL CYSTITIS INTERSTITIAL CYSTITIS (HUNNER’S ULCER, ELUSIVE ULCER) Inflammation of bladder mucosa is cystitis. The characteristic linear bleeding ulcer is caused by splitting of mucosa when the bladder is distended under anaesthesia Severe fibrosis along with inflammation of urinary bladder due to pancystitis results in small thimble bladder. Ulceration of the mucosa occurs in fundus …

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Interstitial Cystitis

Interstitial Cystitis Q. 1 Cells involved in interstitial cystitis?  A Lymphocytes  B Neutrophils  C Macrophages  D Mast cells Q. 1 Cells involved in interstitial cystitis?  A Lymphocytes  B Neutrophils  C Macrophages  D Mast cells Ans. D Explanation: Ans. is ‘d’ i.e., Mast cells Mast cells are often seen in the mucosa, lamina propria, and muscularis …

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Acute Prostatitis

ACUTE PROSTATITIS ACUTE PROSTATITIS Inflammation of prostate can be Acute or Chronic. ETIOLOGY- MC organism- E. Coli > staphylococcus aureus > staphylococcus albus Instrumentation Ascending and descending infection from below and above into infected urine into prostatic ducts Haematogenous CLINICAL FEATURES- High grade fever, chills and rigors Retention of urine Perineal heaviness, pain on defaecation …

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Acute Prostatitis

Acute Prostatitis Q. 1 Complication which commonly accompanies acute prostatitis –  A Epididymitis  B Orchitis  C Seminal vesiculitis  D Sterility Q. 1 Complication which commonly accompanies acute prostatitis –  A Epididymitis  B Orchitis  C Seminal vesiculitis  D Sterility Ans. C Explanation: Ans. is ‘c’ i.e., Seminal vesiculitis  PreviousNext × Will you help me by Sharing …

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Paraphimosis

PARAPHIMOSIS PARAPHIMOSIS Inability to place back the retracted prepucial skin over the glans. The retracted skin acts like a tight ring constricting proximal to the corona and prepuceal skin resulting in venous congestion. Congestion results n glans swelling, oedematous with severe pain and tenderness. Glans will undergo necrosis or gangrenous change. ETIOLOGY Catherization After sexual …

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Paraphimosis

Paraphimosis Q. 1 Not true about paraphimosis is –  A Iatrogenic  B Seen in Diabetes mellitus  C Gangrene of glans  D Circumcision is the t/t Q. 1 Not true about paraphimosis is –  A Iatrogenic  B Seen in Diabetes mellitus  C Gangrene of glans  D Circumcision is the t/t Ans. B Explanation: Ans is ‘b’ …

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Peyronie’s Disease

PEYRONIE’S DISEASE PEYRONIE’S DISEASE (PENILE FIBROMATOSIS/ INDURATION- PENIS PLASTICA) It is a development of fibrous tissue plaque on the covering of corpus cavernosum involving tunica albuginea which may later calcify or ossify. Palmar fibromatosis + plantar fibromatosis + penile fibromatosis = superficial fibromatosis ETIOLOGY Associated with- a) Dupuytren’s contracture (plamar fibromatosis) b) Retroperitoneal fibrosis c) …

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Peyronie’s Disease

Peyronie disease Q. 1 The following statements are true about Peyronie’s disease except –  A Pt. presents with complaints of painful erection  B Condition affects adolescent males  C The condition can be associated with Dupuytren’s contracture of the tendon of the hand.  D Spontaneous regression occurs in 50% of the cases. Q. 1 The following …

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Carcinoma Of Penis

CARCINOMA OF PENIS CARCINOMA OF PENIS MC type – SCC ETIOLOGY- Premalignant lesions- Genital warts- Bushke- Lowenstein tumour is a giant penile condyloma (verrucous carcinoma of penis) Erythroplasia of Queyrat or Paget’s disease of penis- precancerous lesion Leukoplakia of glans Bowen’s disease- small eczematous plaque Chronic balanoposthitis, phimosis (50%), Balanitis xerotica obliterans Condyloma auminata (HPV) …

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