Tag: Sexual offences: Rape case examination

Sexual offences: Rape case examination

Sexual offences: Rape case examination

Q. 1

Which of the following test is done for detecting vaginal cells from the accused in a case of rape?

 A

Lugol’s iodine

 B

Phenolphthalein

 C

Toludine blue

 D

Methylene blue

Q. 1

Which of the following test is done for detecting vaginal cells from the accused in a case of rape?

 A

Lugol’s iodine

 B

Phenolphthalein

 C

Toludine blue

 D

Methylene blue

Ans. A

Explanation:

A i.e. Lugol’s iodine test

  • Lugol’s iodine test detects presence of vaginal epithelial cells. It is done on washings of glans penis (or from moist blotting paper) of accused which is exposed to Lugol’s iodine solution or iodine vapors. Positive test showing brown colour is d/t presence of glycogen in vaginal epithelial cells of victim. Results can be elicited upto 4 days.
  • Benzidine & Takayama tests are for blood stain, and florence test for seminal stain.

Q. 2

Husband had intercourse with wife during separation without consent. Section which deals with it:

NEET 13; PGI 14

 A

376-A IPC

 B

376-B IPC

 C

376-C IPC

 D

376-D IPC

Q. 2

Husband had intercourse with wife during separation without consent. Section which deals with it:

NEET 13; PGI 14

 A

376-A IPC

 B

376-B IPC

 C

376-C IPC

 D

376-D IPC

Ans. A:B

Explanation:

Ans. 376-A IPC


Q. 3

Punishment for sexual intercourse not amounting to rape by attendant in a hospital is under:

Punjab 10

 A

Sec. 376-A IPC

 B

Sec. 376-B IPC

 C

Sec. 376-C IPC

 D

Sec. 376-D IPC

Q. 3

Punishment for sexual intercourse not amounting to rape by attendant in a hospital is under:

Punjab 10

 A

Sec. 376-A IPC

 B

Sec. 376-B IPC

 C

Sec. 376-C IPC

 D

Sec. 376-D IPC

Ans. C

Explanation:

Ans. Sec. 376-C IPC

Quiz In Between


Q. 4

Disclosure of name of rape victim punishable under:

AI 12; AIIMS 13

 A

Sec. 304-A IPC

 B

Sec. 354 IPC

 C

Sec. 376 IPC

 D

Sec. 228-A IPC

Q. 4

Disclosure of name of rape victim punishable under:

AI 12; AIIMS 13

 A

Sec. 304-A IPC

 B

Sec. 354 IPC

 C

Sec. 376 IPC

 D

Sec. 228-A IPC

Ans. D

Explanation:

Ans. Sec. 228-A IPC


Q. 5

Motile spermatozoa found in wet mount of vaginal secretions are indicative of intercourse within the past:

Karnataka 09; LIP 09; MAHE 11

 A

6 h

 B

12 h

 C

24 h

 D

48 h

Q. 5

Motile spermatozoa found in wet mount of vaginal secretions are indicative of intercourse within the past:

Karnataka 09; LIP 09; MAHE 11

 A

6 h

 B

12 h

 C

24 h

 D

48 h

Ans. B

Explanation:

Ans. 12 h


Q. 6

Evidence not used in rape‑

 A

Semen in vagina

 B

Semen on clothes

 C

Presence of smega bacilli in vagina

 D

Presence of smegma under prepuce

Q. 6

Evidence not used in rape‑

 A

Semen in vagina

 B

Semen on clothes

 C

Presence of smega bacilli in vagina

 D

Presence of smegma under prepuce

Ans. D

Explanation:

Ans. is ‘d’ i.e., Presence of smegma under prepuce

Examination in a case of rape

A. Examination of victim

  • Victim cannot be examined without written informed consent. Informed written consent should be obtained if the age of victim is above 12 years. If she is less than 12 years of age or if she is mentally unsound, the written consent of parent/guardian should be taken (Sec. 90 IPC). Victim (female) should be examined by or under supervision of a female RMP (Sec. 53(2) CrPC).
  • Finding which are suggestive of rape are :-
  1. Signs of struggle on clothes (tear, blood, semen, mud etc), body and genitals (abrasion, contusion, bites or nail marks etc).
  2. Presence of the semen in the vagina (proof of sexual intercourse).
  3. Presence of spermatozoa in the vagina.
  4. Locards principal of exchange states that whenever two bodies come in contact with each other, there is exchange of material between the two and so a criminal can be linked to crime. In case of rape, piece of cloth, button, hair, blood, saliva, semen or smegma from the accused may be found on the body of victim and conversly materials of victim may be found on the body of accused.
  5. Presence of smegma bacilli in vagina is suggestive of coitus.

B.Examination of accused

  1. An accused can be examined even without his consent (Sec 53(A) CrPC). Findings may be Presence of torn frenulum is consistent with a recent intercourse.
  2. The presence of smegma under prepuce is inconsistent with recent intercoures as it gets rubbed off during sexual intercourse and may be deposited in vagina. It takes about 24 hours to accumulate. Thus, absence of smegma may indicate sexual intercourse, provided no bath is taken.
  3. Presence of vaginal epithelial cells on penis can be detected by lugol’s iodine.

Quiz In Between



Sexual offences: Rape case examination

Sexual offences: Rape case examination


Sexual offences: Rape case examination

A) Examination  of victim

  • Victim cannot be  examined  without  written  informed  consent.
  • written  consent: age of victim  is  above  12  years.
  • parent/guardian written  consent: victim below 12 years.(Sec 90 IPC).
  • should  be  examined  by  or  under  supervision  of a female  RMP  (Sec.  53(2)  CrPC).
  • Disclosure of name of rape victim punishable under Sec. 228-A IPC

 External and local examination:

       a)  Signs of  struggle on clothes (tear,  blood, semen),  mud  etc.).

       b)  Lithotomy position for genital examination.

       c)  Body  and genitals  (abrasion,  contusion,  bites  or nail  marks  etc).

       d)  Presence of the  semen  in  the  vagina( confirmes sexual intercourse).

       e)  Presence  of spermatozoa  in  the  vagina.

       f)  Presence of smegma  bacilli in  vagina  is  suggestive  of coitus.

       g)  Toludine  blue dye 1%  (TBD)  can be  used to  identify  abrasions  not  seen by  the  naked  eye  and sometimes even  with use  of a colposcope.

       h)   Sperms remain motile:

                  a. In vagina for about 6-8 h,

                  b. occasionaly  upto 12 h,

                  c.  rarely upto 12 h.

      i)  non-motile forms are detectable for about 24h, with occasional reports of 48-72h.

      j)  If motile sperms were seen in wet smears on slide:-confirms intercourse within 12 h

B)      Examination  of accused:

                   1)  can  be  examined  even  without his  consent  (Sec  53(A) CrPC).

                   2)  Presence  of torn  frenulum is  consistent  with  a recent  intercourse.

                   3)  The  presence  of  smegma  under  prepuce  is  inconsistent  with  recent  intercourse.

                   4)  Presence of  vaginal  epithelial  cells  on  penis can  be  detected  by  lugol’s  iodine.

     5)  Presence  of smegma  in  vagina  is  suggestive  of  recent sexual  intercourse,  while its  presence  under prepuse rules  out recent  intercourse.

sec 376 laws for intercourse NOT rape.

  • (376 A)→ Intercourse with his own wife living separately under a decree of separation or under any custom without her consent is punished with imprisonment upto 2 years and also fine.
  • (376 B)→ Intercourse  (not  amounting  to  rape)  by public  servant.
  • (376 C)→ superintendent or manager or attendent.
  • (376 D)→ any  member  of  management  of staff  of  hospital 

Exam Important

  • written  consent: age of victim  is  above  12  years.
  • parent/guardian written  consent: victim below 12 years.(Sec 90 IPC)
  • Toludine  blue dye 1%  (TBD)  can be  used to  identify  abrasions  not  seen by  the  naked  eye  and sometimes even  with use  of a colposcope.
  • Sperms remain motile:  rarely upto 12 h. occasionaly  upto 12 h, In vagina for about 6-8 h.
  • non-motile forms are detectable for about 24h, with occasional reports of 48-72h.
  • If motile sperms were seen in wet smears on slide:-confirms intercourse within 12 h
  • Presence  of smegma  in  vagina  is  suggestive  of  recent sexual  intercourse,  while its  presence  under prepuse rules  out recent  intercourse.

 

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