A patient after a roadside trauma presented to the trauma centre. He has a severe pain in his left hip and, on examination the hip is exquisitely tender with restricted range of motion. The patient is lying in the posture seen below. Which of the following deformity is seen in the patient?
A. Anterior dislocation of hip
B. Posterior dislocation of hip
C. Inferior dislocation of hip
D. Central dislocation of hip
Ans: A. Anterior dislocation of hip
(Ref Aplev 9/e p846)
Anterior Dislocation of Hip:
- Leg lies externally rotated, abducted & slightly flexed.
- Not short – Due to rectus femoris attachment preventing head from displacing upwards.
- Occasionally the leg is abducted almost to a right angle.
- Prominent head is easy to feel, either anteriorly (superior type) or in the groin (inferior type).
- Hip movements are impossible.